Get Adobe ReaderThe manuscripts listed below are the research products of the principal investigators, students, and staff associated with
this program. Manuscripts appear in reverse chronological order. Click on an entry to view the corresponding PDF.
2017 Murphy, C.T., Reichmuth, C., Eberhardt, W.C., Calhoun, B.H., and Mann, D.A. Seal whiskers vibrate over broad frequencies during hydrodynamic tracking. Scientific Reports, DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-07676-w.
2017 Reichmuth, C., Sills, J.M., and Ghoul, A. Psychophysical audiogram of a California sea lion listening for airborne tonal sounds in an acoustic chamber. Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, 30: 010001.
2017 Mathevon, N., Casey, C., Reichmuth, C., and Charrier, I. Northern elephant seals memorize the rhythm and timbre of their rivals' voices. Current Biology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.06.035.
2017 Houser, D.S., Yost, W., Burkard, R., Finneran, J.J., Reichmuth, C., and Mulsow, J. A review of the history, development and application of auditory weighting functions in humans and marine mammals. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 141(3): 1371-1413.
2017 Sills, J.M., Southall, B.L., and Reichmuth, C. The influence of temporally varying noise from seismic air guns on the detection of underwater sounds by seals. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 141(2): 996-1008.
2016 Casey, C., Sills, J.M., and Reichmuth, C. Source level measurements for harbor seals and implications for estimating communication space. Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, 27: 010034.
2016 Reichmuth, C., Ghoul, A., Sills, J.M., Rouse, A., and Southall, B.L. Low-frequency temporary threshold shift not observed in spotted or ringed seals exposed to single air gun impulses. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 140: 2646-2658.
2016 Sills, J.M., and Reichmuth, C. Listening for signals in seismic noise: A case study of masking in Arctic seals. Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, 27: 010003.
2016 Eberhardt, W.C., Wakefield, B.F., Murphy, C.T., Casey, C., Shakhsheer, Y., Calhoun, B.H., and Reichmuth, C. Development of an artificial sensor for hydrodynamic detection inspired by a seal's whisker array. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, 11:056011.
2016 Cook, P.F., Reichmuth, C., Rouse, A., Dennison, S., Van Bonn, B., and Gulland, F. Natural exposure to domoic acid causes behavioral perseveration in Wild Sea lions: Neural underpinnings and diagnostic application. Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 57: 95-105.
2016 McHuron, E.A., Walcott, S.M., Zeligs, J., Skrovan, S., Costa, D.P. and Reichmuth, C. Whisker growth dynamics in two North Pacific pinnipeds: Implications for determining foraging ecology from stable isotope analysis. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 554:213-224.
2016 Rouse, A.A., Cook, P.F., Large, E.W., and Reichmuth, C. Beat keeping in a sea lion as coupled oscillation: Implications for comparative understanding of human rhythm. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 10: 257.
2016 Beltran, R.S., Peterson, S.H., McHuron, E.A., Reichmuth, C., Huckstadt, L.A., and Costa, D.P. Seals and sea lions are what they eat, plus what? Determination of trophic discrimination factors for seven pinniped species. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 30(9): 1115-1122.
2016 Cunningham, K.A. and Reichmuth, C. High-frequency hearing in seals and sea lions. Hearing research, 331: 83-91.
2016 Ghoul, A. and Reichmuth, C. Auditory sensitivity and masking profiles for the sea otter (Enhydra lutris). In: Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II, A.N. Popper and A. Hawkins (Eds), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 349-354.
2016 Cunningham, K.A., Southall, B.L., and Reichmuth, C. Detection of complex sounds in quiet conditions by seals and sea lions. In: Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II, A.N. Popper and A. Hawkins (Eds), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 181-187.
2016 Sills, J. M., Southall, B. L., and Reichmuth, C. Psychoacoustic studies of spotted (Phoca largha) and ringed (Pusa hispida) seals. In: Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II, A.N. Popper and A. Hawkins (Eds), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 1025-1030.

2015 Cook, P.F., Reichmuth, C., Rouse, A.A., Libby, L.A., Dennison, S.E., Carmichael, O.T., Kruse-Elliot, K.T., Bloom, J., Singh, B., Fravel, V.A., Barbosa, L., Stuppino, J.J., Van Bonn, W.G., Gulland, F., Ranganath, C. Algal toxin impairs sea lion memory and hippocampal connectivity, with implications for strandings. Science, 350(6267): 1545-1547.

2015 Erbe, C., Reichmuth, C., Cunningham, K., Lucke, K., and Dooling, R. Communication masking in marine mammals: A review and research strategy. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 103(1-2): 15-38.
2015 Casey, C., Charrier, I., Mathevon, N., and Reichmuth, C. Rival assessment among northern elephant seals: evidence of associative learning during male-male contests. Royal Society Open Science, 2: 150228. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.150228
2015 Murphy, C. T., Reichmuth, C., and Mann, D. Vibrissal sensitivity in a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina). The Journal of Experimental Biology, 218: 2463-2471.
2015 Sills, J. M., Southall, B. L., and Reichmuth, C. Amphibious hearing in ringed seals (Pusa hispida): underwater audiograms, aerial audiograms, and critical ratio measurements. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 218: 2250-2259.
2015 Beltran, R. S., Connolly Sadou, M., Condit, R., Peterson, S., Reichmuth, C., and Costa, D. P. Fine-scale whisker growth dynamics can be used to interpret temporal foraging information from stable isotope signatures. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 523: 243-253.
2014 Reichmuth, C. and Casey, C. Vocal learning in seals, sea lions, and walruses. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 28:1-6.
2014 Ghoul, A. and Reichmuth, C. Hearing in sea otters (Enhydra lutris): audible frequencies determined from a controlled exposure approach. Aquatic Mammals, 40(3).
2014 Cunningham, K. A., Southall, B. L., and Reichmuth, C. Auditory sensitivity of seals and sea lions in complex listening scenarios. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 136(6): 3410-3421.
2014 Ghoul, A. and Reichmuth, C. Hearing in the sea otter (Enhydra lutris): Auditory profiles for an amphibious marine carnivore. Journal of Comparative Physiology A.
2014 Connolly Sadou, M., Beltran, R. S., and Reichmuth, C. A Calibration Procedure for Measuring Pinniped Vibrissae Using Photogrammetry. Aquatic Mammals, 40(2): 213-218.
2014 Cunningham, K. A., Hayes, S. A., Rub, A. M. W., and Reichmuth, C. Auditory detection of ultrasonic coded transmitters by seals and sea lions. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 135(4): 1978-1985.
2014 Sills, J. M., Southall, B. L., and Reichmuth, C. Amphibious hearing in spotted seals (Phoca largha): underwater audiograms, aerial audiograms, and critical ratio measurements. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 217: 726-734.
2013 Cook, P., Rouse, A., Wilson, M., and Reichmuth, C. A California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) can keep the beat: motor entrainment to rhythmic auditory stimuli in a non vocal mimic. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 127(4):412-427.
2013 Reichmuth, C., Holt, M. M., Mulsow, J., Sills, J. M., and Southall, B. L. Comparative assessment of amphibious hearing in pinnipeds. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 199: 491-507.
2013 Mulsow, J. and Reichmuth, C. The binaural click-evoked auditory brainstem response of the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 133(1).
2013 Lindemann-Biolsi, K. L. and Reichmuth, C. Cross-modal transitivity in a California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Animal Cognition, 17(4): 879-890.
2012 Casey, C. B., Reichmuth, C., Southall, B.L., Charrier, I., Mathevon, N. Vocal signature of the male northern elephant seal. Canadian Acoustics, 40(3):40-41.
2012 Reichmuth, C., Ghoul, A., and Southall, B.L.Temporal processing of low-frequency sounds by seals (L). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 132(4):2147-2150.
2012 Holt, M. M., Ghoul, A., and Reichmuth, C. Temporal summation of airborne tones in a California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 132(5):3569-3575.
2012 Reichmuth, C. Psychophysical studies of auditory masking in marine mammals: key concepts and new directions. In: The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, A.N. Popper and A. Hawkins (Eds), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 23-27.
2012 Mulsow, J., Reichmuth, C., Houser, D., and Finneran, J.J. Auditory evoked potential measurement of hearing sensitivity in pinnipeds. In: The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, A.N. Popper and A. Hawkins (Eds), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 73-76.
2012 Ghoul, A. and Reichmuth, C. Sound production and reception in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis). In: The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, A.N. Popper and A. Hawkins (Eds), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 157-159.
2012 Reichmuth, C., Southall, B.L. Underwater hearing in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus): expansion and interpretation of existing data. Marine Mammal Science, 28(2):358-363.
2011 Van Bonn, W., Montie, E., Dennison, S., Pussini, N., Cook, P., Greig, D., Barakos, J., Colegrove, K., and Gulland, F. First evidence of gas bubble disease in a live marine mammal: barotrauma in a California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 96:89-96.
2011 Cook, P., Bernard, A., and Reichmuth, C. Which way did I go? Remote training of a spatial memory task to assess the effects of domoic acid exposure in stranded california sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Soundings, 36(2):16-19.
2011 Mulsow, J., Reichmuth, C., Gulland, F., Rosen, D., Finneran, J. Aerial audiograms of several California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) and Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) measured using single and multiple simultaneous auditory steady-state response methods. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 214:1138-1147.
2011 Cook, P., Reichmuth, C., Gulland, F. Rapid Behavioral diagnosis of domoic acid toxicosis in California sea lions. Biology Letters, doi:10.1098/rsbl.2011.0127.
2010 Holt, M.M., Southall, B.L., Insley, S.J., and Schusterman, R.J. Call directionality and its significance in male northern elephant seals, Mirounga angustirostris. Animal Behavior, 80(2010):351-361.
2010 Nachtigall, P.E., Moore, P.W., Gisiner, R., and Reichmuth, C.J. Ronald J. Schusterman - Memoriam. Marine Mammal Science, 26(4):997-1001.
2010 Schusterman, R.J. Pinniped psychobiology: The early years. Aquatic Mammals, 36(1), 84-110.
2010 Lynn, B.L., Reichmuth, C., and Schusterman, R.J. Filial imprinting in a Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus). Aquatic Mammals, 36, 79-83.
2010 Mulsow, J. and Reichmuth, C. Psychophysical and electrophysical aerial audiograms of a Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 127(4):2692-2701.
2008 Reichmuth, C. Hearing in marine carnivores. Bioacoustics, 17(1-3): 89-92.
2008 Mulsow, J., Reichmuth, C. Amplitude-versus-rate transfer functions to tone burst stimuli in the California sea lion Zalophus californianus. Bioacoustics, 17(1-3): 80-82.
2008 Kastak, D. Effects of noise on seals and sea lions: laboratory approaches. Bioacoustics, 17(1-3): 169-171.
2008 Nachtigall, P.E., Reichmuth, C., and Schusterman, R.J. Healthy stranded animals and laboratory research. Marine Mammal Science, 24(3):746-746.
2008 Gulland, F.M.D., Nutter, F., Dixon, K., Calambokidis, J. Schorr, G., Barlow, J., Rowles, T., Wilkin, S. Spradlin, T., Gage, L. Mulsow, J., Reichmuth, C., Moore, M., Smith, J., Folkens, P., Hanser, S.F., Jang, S., and Baker, C.S. Health assessment, antibiotic treatment, and behavioral responses to herding efforts of a cow-calf pair of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the Sacramento River Delta, California. Aquatic Mammals, 34(2):182-192.
2008 Schusterman, R.J. Vocal learning in mammals with special emphasis on pinnipeds. In: D.K. Oller & U. Gribel (Eds). The Evolution of Communicative Flexibility: Complexity, Creativity, and Adaptability in Human and Animal Communication. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 41-70.
2007 Southall, B.L., Bowles, A.E., Ellison, W.T., Finneran, J.J., Gentry, R.L., Greene, C.R. Jr., Kastak, D., Ketten, D.K., Miller, J.H., Nachtigall, P.E., Richardson, W.J., Thomas, J.A. and Tyack, P.L. Marine Mammal Noise Exposure Criteria: Initial Scientific Recommendations. Special Issue of Aquatic Mammals, 33(4): 412-522.
2007 Schusterman, R.J. and Reichmuth, C. Novel sound production via contingency learning in the Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens). Animal Cognition, 11:319-327.
2007 Kastak, D., Reichmuth, C., Mulsow, J., Southall, B.L., Schusterman, R.J. Onset, growth, and recovery of in-air temporary threshold shift in a California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 122(5):2916-2924.
2007 Houser, D.S., Crocker, D.E., Reichmuth, C., Mulsow, J., and Finneran, J.J. Auditory evoked potentials in northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris). Aquatic Mammals, 33:110-121.
2007 Reichmuth, C., Mulsow, J., Finneran, J.J., Houser, D.S., and Supin, A. Ya. Measurement and response characteristics of auditory brainstem responses in pinnipeds. Aquatic Mammals, 33:132-150.
2007 Mulsow, J. and Reichmuth, C. Electrophysiological assessment of temporal resolution in pinnipeds. Aquatic Mammals, 33:122-131.
2007 Holt, M.M. and Schusterman, R.J. Spatial release from masking of aerial tones in pinnipeds. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 121:1219-1225.
2006 Lindemann, K.L., Reichmuth Kastak, C. and Schusterman, R.J. The role of learning in the production and comprehension of auditory signals by pinnipeds. Aquatic Mammals, 32:483-490.
2006 Schusterman, R.J. Entanglements: the intertwined fates of whales and fisherman (book review). Aquatic Mammals, 32:114-115.
2005 Holt, M.M., Schusterman, R.J., Kastak D., and Southall B.L. Localization of aerial puretones in pinnipeds. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 118: 3921-3926.
2005 Southall, B.L., Schusterman, R.J., Kastak, D., Reichmuth Kastak, C. Reliability of underwater hearing thresholds in pinnipeds. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 6:243-249.
2005 Kastak, D., Southall, B.L., Schusterman, R.J., and Reichmuth Kastak, C. Underwater temporary threshold shift in pinnipeds: effects of noise level and duration. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 118: 3154.
2004 Schusterman, R.J. Sperm whales: social evolution in the oceans (book review). Ethology, 110:496-499.
2004 Holt, M.M., Schusterman, R.J., Southall, B.L., and Kastak, D. Localization of aerial broadband noise by pinnipeds. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 115:2339-2345.
2004 Schusterman, R.J., Kastak, D., Levenson, D.H., Reichmuth, C.J., and Southall, B.L. Pinniped sensory systems and the echolocation issue. In: Echolocation in Bats and Dolphins, J.A. Thomas, C. Moss, M. Vater (Eds), University of Chicago Press, 531-535.
2003 Schusterman, R.J., and Van Parijs, S. Pinniped vocal communication: an introduction. Aquatic Mammals, 29:202-213.
2003 Southall, B.L., Schusterman, R.J., and Kastak, D. Acoustic communication ranges for northern elephant seals. Aquatic Mammals, 29:202-213.
2003 Van Parijs and Schusterman, R.J. Aquatic Mammals: Special Issue on Vocal Communication in Pinnipeds. S. Van Parijs and R.J. Schusterman (Eds.), 29, 319 pp.
2003 Southall, B.L., Schusterman, R.J., and Kastak, D. Auditory masking in three pinnipeds: aerial critical ratios and direct critical bandwidth measurements. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 114:1660-1666.
2003 Schusterman, R.J., Reichmuth Kastak, C., and Kastak, D. Equivalence classification as an approach to social knowledge: from sea lions to simians. In: Animal Social Complexity: Intelligence, Culture, and Individualized Societies, F. B. M DeWaal and P.L. Tyack (Eds), Harvard University Press, pp. 179-206.
2002 Southall, K.D., Oliver, G.W., Lewis, J.W., Le Boeuf, B.J., Levenson, D.H., Southall, B.L. Visual pigment sensitivity in three deep diving marine mammals. Marine Mammal Science, 18(1):275-281.
2002 Reichmuth Kastak, C. and Schusterman, R.J. Sea lions and equivalence: extending classes by exclusion. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 78:449-465.
2002 Holt, M.M. and Schusterman, R.J. Seals, sequences and signal detection. Marine Mammal Science, 18:208-212.
2002 Reichmuth Kastak, C. and Schusterman, R.J. Long-term memory for concepts in a California sea lion. Animal Cognition, 5:225-232.
2002 Schusterman, R.J., Reichmuth Kastak, C., and Kastak, D. The cognitive sea lion: meaning and memory in the lab and in nature. In: The Cognitive Animal: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition, M. Bekoff, C. Allen, G. Burghardt (Eds), MIT Press, pp 217-228.
2002 Schusterman, R.J. Mammals of the sea in science and culture (book review). Science, 297:59-60.
2002 Kastak, D., and Schusterman, R.J. Changes in auditory sensitivity with depth in a free-diving California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 112:329-333.
2002 Schusterman, R.J. and Kastak, D. Problem solving and memory. In: Marine Mammals: An Evolutionary Approach, A.R. Hoelzel (Ed), Blackwells, pp. 371-387.
2001 Schusterman, R.J., Southall, B.L., Kastak, D., and Reichmuth Kastak, C. Pinniped vocal communication: form and function. Proceedings of the 17th International Congress on Acoustics, Volume IV. Rome, September 2-7.
2001 Reichmuth Kastak, C., Schusterman, R.J., and Kastak, D. Equivalence classification in California sea lions using class-specific reinforcers. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 76:131-158.
2000 Schusterman, R.J. Pitching a fit. In: A Dolphin's Smile: Exploring Emotions in Animals, M. Bekoff (Ed), Discovery Books.
2000 Southall, B.L., Schusterman, R.J., and Kastak, D. Masking in three pinnipeds: Underwater, low-frequency critical ratios. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 108(3):1322-1326.
2000 Schusterman, R.J., Reichmuth, C.J., and Kastak, D. How animals classify friends and foes. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9(1):1-6.
2000 Schusterman, R.J., Kastak, D., Levenson, D.H., Reichmuth, C.J., and Southall, B.L. Why pinnipeds don't echolocate. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 107(4):2256-2264.
1999 Kastak, D., Schusterman, R.J., Southall, B.L., and Reichmuth, C.J. Underwater temporary threshold shift induced by octave-band noise in three species of pinniped. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 106(2):1142-1148.
1999 Levenson, D.H. and Schusterman, R.J. Dark adaptation and visual sensitivity in shallow and deep-diving pinnipeds. Marine Mammal Science, 15(4):1303-1313.
1999 Kastak, D. and Schusterman, R.J. In-air and underwater hearing sensitivity of a northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 77(11):1751-1758.
1998 Kastak, D. and Schusterman, R.J. Low frequency amphibious hearing in pinnipeds: methods, measurements, noise, and ecology. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 103:2216-2228.
1998 Schusterman, R.J. and Kastak, D. Functional equivalence in a California sea lion: relevance to social and communicative interactions. Animal Behavior, 55:1087-1095.
1997 Schusterman, R.J. and Gisiner, R. Pinnipeds, porpoises and parsimony: animal language research viewed from a bottom-up perspective. In: Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes and Animals: The Emperor's New Clothes? State University of New York Press, Albany, New York, pp. 370-382.
1997 Schusterman, R.J., Kastak, D., and Reichmuth, C.J. What's in a name? Stimulus equivalence by any other name would smell as sweet. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 68(2):252-258.
1997 Levenson, D.H. and Schusterman, R.J. Pupillometry in seals and sea lions: ecological implications. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 75:2050-2057.
1996 Kastak, D. and Schusterman, R.J. Temporary thresholds shift in a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 100:1905-1908.
1995 Schusterman, R.J. and Kastak, D. There is no substitute for an experimental analysis of marine mammal cognition. Marine Mammal Science, 11(2):263-267.
1995 Hanggi, E.B. and Schusterman, R.J. Cognition discrimination learning in a male harbor seal (Phoca vitulina). In: Sensory Systems of Aquatic Mammals, R.A. Kastelein, J.A. Thomas, and P.E. Nactigall (Eds), De Spil Publishers, Woerden, Netherlands.
1995 Kastak, D. and Schusterman, R.J. Aerial and underwater hearing thresholds for 100 Hz pure tones in two species of pinnipeds. In: Sensory Systems of Aquatic Mammals, R.A. Kastelein, J.A. Thomas, and P.E. Nactigall (Eds), De Spil Publishers, Woerden, Netherlands, pp. 71-79.
1995 Schusterman, R.J., Kastak, D., and Reichmuth, C.J. Equivalence class formation and cross modal transfer: testing marine mammals. In: Sensory Systems of Aquatic Mammals, R.A. Kastelein, J.A. Thomas, and P.E. Nactigall (Eds), De Spil Publishers, Woerden, Netherlands, pp. 579-584.
1994 Hanggi, E.B. and Schusterman, R.J. Underwater acoustic displays and individual variation in male harbor seals, Phoca vitulina. Animal Behavior, 48:1275-1283.
1994 Kastak, D. and Schusterman, R.J. Transfer of visual identity matching-to-sample in two California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Animal Learning and Behavior, 22(4):427-435.
1994 Schusterman, R.J. Review of The Sonar of Dolphins (W.W.L. Au). The Quarterly Review of Biology, 69:284-285.
1993 Schusterman, R.J., Gisiner, R., Grimm, B.K., and Hanggi, E.B. Behavior control by exclusion and attempts at establishing semanticity in marine mammals using match-to-sample paradigms. In: Language and Communication: Comparative Perspectives, H. Roitblat, L. Herman, and P. Nachtigall (Eds), Erlbaum, Hillsdale, New Jersey, pp. 249-274.
1993 Schusterman, R.J. and Kastak, D. A California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) is capable of forming equivalence relations. Psychological Record, 43:823-839.
1993 Schusterman, R.J. Gisiner, R.G., and Hanggi, E.B. Remembering in California sea lions: using priming cues to facilitate language-like performance. Animal Learning and Behavior, 21:377-383.
1992 Kastak, D.A. and Schusterman, R.J. Comparative cognition in marine mammals: a clarification on match-to-sample tests. Marine Mammal Science, 8:414-417.
1992 Gisiner, R. and Schusterman, R.J. Sequence, syntax and semantics: responses of a language trained sea lion (Zalophus californianus) to novel sign combinations. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 106:78-91.
1992 Hanggi, E.B. and Schusterman, R.J. Underwater acoustic displays by male harbor seals (Phoca vitulina): initial results. In: Marine Mammal Sensory Systems, J.A. Thomas, R.A. Kastelein and Y.A. Supin (Eds), Plenum Press, New York.
1992 Schusterman, R.J., Hanggi, E., and Gisiner, R. Acoustic signaling in mother-pup reunions, interspecies bonding, and affiliation by kinship in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). In: Marine Mammal Sensory Systems, J.A. Thomas, R.A. Kastelein and Y.A. Supin (Eds), Plenum Press, New York.
1992 Gisiner, R. and Schusterman, R.J. Combinatorial relationships learned by a language trained sea lion. In: Marine Mammal Sensory Systems, J.A. Thomas, R.A. Kastelein and Y.A. Supin (Eds), Plenum Press, New York.
1992 Schusterman, R.J., Gisiner, R., and Hanggi, E. Imprinting and other aspects of pinniped/human interactions. In: The Inevitable Bond, H. Davis and D. Balfour (Eds), Cambridge University Press, New York.
1991 Gisiner, R. and Schusterman, R.J. California sea lion pups play an active role in reunions with their mothers. Animal Behavior, 41:364-366.
1990 Schusterman, R.J. Stimulus equivalence and cross-modal perception: a testable model for demonstrating symbolic representations in bottlenose dolphins. In: Sensory Abilities of Cetaceans, J. Thomas and R. Kastelein (Eds), Plenum Press, New York.
1990 Hanggi, E.B. and Schusterman, R.J. Kin recognition in captive California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 104:368-372.
1989 Schusterman, R.J. Marine mammal language and cognition research. Current: The Journal of Marine Education, 8:11.
1989 Schusterman, R.J. and Gisiner, R. Please parse the sentence: animal cognition in the Procrustean bed of linguistics. Psychological Record, 39:3-18.
1988 Schusterman, R.J. and Gisiner, R. Animal language research: marine mammals re-enter the controversy. In: Intelligence and Evolutionary Biology, J. Jerison and I. Jerison (Eds), Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
1988 Schusterman, R.J. and Gisiner, R. Artificial language comprehension in dolphins and sea lions: the essential cognitive skills. Psychological Record, 38:311-348.
1988 Schusterman, R.J. Reading animal minds. Contemporary Psychology, 33:487-489.
1988 Schusterman, R.J. Language and counting in animals: stimulus classes and equivalence relations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 11:4.
1988 Schusterman, R.J. Cognition and echolocation of dolphins. In: Animal Sonar: Processes and Performance, P. Nachtigall and P.W. Moore (Eds), Plenum Press, New York.
1987 Moore, P.W. and Schusterman, R.J. Audiometric assessment of northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus). Marine Mammal Science, 3:31-53.
1986 Schusterman, R.J., Thomas, J.A., and Wood, F.G. (Eds). Dolphin Cognition and Behavior: A Comparative Approach, Lawrence Erlbaum Associaties, Hillside, New Jersey.
1986 Schusterman, R.J. Cognition and intelligence of dolphins. In: Dolphin Cognition and Behavior: A Comparative Approach, Lawrence Erlbaum Associaties, Hillside, New Jersey.
1986 Schusterman, R.J. and Krieger, K. Artificial language comprehension and size transposition by a California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 100:348-355.
1984 Schusterman, R.J. and Krieger, K. California sea lions are capable of semantic comprehension. Psychological Record, 34:3-24.
1984 Wartzok, D., Schusterman, R.J. and Gailey-Phipps, J. Seal echolocation? Nature, 308:753.
1981 Schusterman, R.J. Behavioral capabilities of seals and sea lions: a review of their hearing, visual, learning and diving skills. Psychological Record, 31:125-144.
1981 Schusterman, R.J. Steller sea lion - Eumetopias jubatus. In: Handbook of Marine Mammals, Volume 1: The Walrus, Sea Lions, Fur Seals and Sea Otters, S.H. Ridgway and R.J. Harrison (Eds), Academic Press, London.
1981 McGinnis, S.M. and Schusterman, R.J. Northern elephant seal - Mirounga angustirostris. In: Handbook of Marine Mammals, Volume 1: The Walrus, Sea Lions, Fur Seals and Sea Otters, S.H. Ridgway and R.J. Harrison (Eds), Academic Press, London.
1980 Schusterman, R.J. Behavioral methodology in echolocation by marine mammals. In: Animal Sonar Systems, R.G. Busnel and J. Fish (Eds), Plenum Press, New York.
1980 Schusterman, R.J., Kersting, D.A., and Au, W.W.L. Stimulus control of echolocation pulses in Tursiops truncatus. In: Animal Sonar Systems, R.G. Busnel and J. Fish (Eds), Plenum Press, New York.
1980 Schusterman, R.J., Kersting, D.A., and Au, W.W.L. Response bias and attention in discriminative echolocation by Tursiops truncatus. In: Animal Sonar Systems, R.G. Busnel and J. Fish (Eds), Plenum Press, New York.
1980 Au, W.W.L, Schusterman, R.J. and Kersting, D.A. Sphere-cylinder discrimination via echolocation by Tursiops truncatus. In: Animal Sonar Systems, R.G. Busnel and J. Fish (Eds), Plenum Press, New York.
1978 Schusterman, R.J. Vocal communication in pinnipeds. In: Studies of Captive Wild Animals, H. Markowitz and V. Stevens (Eds), Nelson Hall, Chicago.
1978 Schusterman, R.J. and Moore, P.W. The upper limit of underwater frequency discrimination in the California sea lion. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 63:1591-1595.
1977 Schusterman, R.J. Temporal patterning in sea lion barking (Zalophus californianus). Behavioral Biology, 20:404-408.
1976 Moore, P.W. and Schusterman, R.J. Discrimination of pure-tone intensities by a California sea lion. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 60:1405-1407.
1976 Schusterman, R.J. California sea lion underwater auditory detection and variation of reinforcement schedules. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 59(4):997-1000.
1975 Schusterman, R.J. Pinniped sensory perception. In: Biology of the Seal, K. Ronald and A.W. Mansfield (Eds), ICES, Copenhagen.
1975 Schusterman, R.J. and Johnson, B.W. Signal probability and response bias in California sea lions. Psychological Record, 25:39-45.
1975 Schusterman, R.J., Barrett, B. and Moore, P.W. Detection of underwater signals by a California sea lion and a bottlenose porpoise: variation in the payoff matrix. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 57:1526-1532.
1975 Heath, M.E. and Schusterman, R.J. "Displacement" sand-flipping in the northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris). Behavioral Biology, 14:379-385.
1974 Schusterman, R.J. Auditory sensitivity of a California sea lion to airborne sound. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 56:1248-1251.
1974 Schusterman, R.J. Low false-alarm rates in signal detection by marine mammals. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 55:845-848.
1973 Schusterman, R.J. A note comparing the visual acuity of dolphins with that of sea lions. Cetology, 15:1-2.
1973 Schusterman, R.J. and Barrett, H.B. Amphibious nature of visual acuity in Asain "clawless" otters. Nature, 244:518-519.
1972 Schusterman, R.J. Visual acuity in pinnipeds. In: Behavior of Marine Animals, Volume 2: Vertebrates, B. Olla and H.E. Winn (Eds), Plenum Press, New York.
1972 Kaplan, J. and Schusterman, R.J. Social preferences of mother and infant squirrel monkeys following different rearing experiences. Developmental Psychobiology, 5:53-59.
1972 Schusterman, R.J., Balliet, R.F., and Nixon, J. Underwater audiogram of the California sea lion by the conditioned vocalization technique. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 17:339-350.
1971 Schusterman, R.J. and Balliet, R.F. Aerial and underwater visual acuity in the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) as a function of luminance. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 138:37-46.
1971 Balliet, R.F., and Schusterman, R.J. Underwater and aerial visual acuity in the Asian "clawless" otter (Amblonyx cineria cineria). Nature, 234:305-306.
1970 Schusterman, R.J., Balliet, R.F., and St. John, S. Vocal displays underwater by the gray seal, harbor seal and Steller sea lion. Psychonomic Science, 18:303-305.
1970 Schusterman, R.J. and Balliet, R.F. Visual acuity of the harbor seal and the Steller sea lion underwater. Nature, 226:563-564.
1970 Schusterman, R.J. and Balliet, R.F. Conditioned vocalization as a technique for determining visual acuity thresholds in the seal lion. Science, 169:498-501.
1970 Schusterman, R.J. and Gentry, R. Development of a fatted male phenomenon in California sea lions. Developmental Psychobiology, 4:333-338.
1969 Schusterman, R.J. and Sjoberg, A. Early behavior patterns of squirrel monkeys. In: Recent Advances in Primatology: Behavior. C.R. Carpenter (Ed), Krager, Basil, Switzerland.
1969 Schusterman, R.J. and R.F. Balliet. Underwater barking by male sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Nature, 222:1179-1181.
1968 Schusterman, R.J. and Dawson, R.G. Barking, dominance, and territoriality in male sea lions. Science, 160:434-436.
1968 Schusterman, R.J. Experimental laboratory studies of pinniped behavior. In: The Behavior and Physiology of Pinnipeds. R.J. Harrison, R.C. Hubbard, R.S. Peterson, C.E. Rice, and R.J. Schusterman (Eds), Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York.
1967 Schusterman, R.J., Gentry, R., and Schmook, J. Underwater sound production by captive California sea lions. Zoologica, 52:21-24.
1967 Schusterman, R.J. Attention shift and errorless reversal learning by the California sea lion. Science, 156:833-835.
1967 Schusterman, R.J. Perception and determinants of underwater vocalization in the California sea lion. In: Les Systemes Sonars Amimaux, Biologie et Bionique, R.G. Busnel (Ed), Laboratoir de Physiologic Acoustique, Jouy-en-Josas, France.
1966 Schusterman, R.J. Underwater click vocalizations by a California sea lion: effects of visibility. Psychological Record, 16:129-136.
1966 Schusterman, R.J. Serial discrimination-reversal learning with and without errors by the California sea lion. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 9:593-600.
1966 Schusterman, R.J., and Thomas, T. Shape discrimination and transfer in the California sea lion. Psychonomic Science, 5:21-22 9.
1966 Schusterman, R.J., Gentry, R., and Schmook, J. Underwater vocalizations by sea lions: social and mirror stimuli. Science, 154:540-542.
1966 Sharpe, L.G., Otis, L.S., and Schusterman, R.J. Disruption of size discrimination in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) by LSD-25. Psychonomic Science, 7:103-104.
1965 Schusterman, R.J. and Feinstein, S.H. Shaping and discriminative control of underwater click vocalizations in a California sea lion. Science, 150:1743-1744.
1965 Rice, C.E., Feinstein, S.H., and Schusterman, R.J. Echo-detection of the blind: size and distance factors. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70:246-251.
1965 Schusterman, R.J. Orienting responses and underwater visual discrimination in the California sea lion. Proceedings of the American Psychological Association, 1:139-140.
1965 Schusterman, R.J. Errorless discrimination-reversal learning in the California sea lion. Proceedings of the American Psychological Association, 1:141-142.
1965 Schusterman, R.J., Kellogg, W.N. and Rice, C.E. Underwater visual discrimination by the California sea lion. Science, 150:1743-1744.
1964 Schusterman, R.J. Successive discrimination-reversal training and multiple discrimination training in one-trial learning by chimpanzees. Journal of Comparative Physiological Psychology, 58:153-156.
1964 Berkson, G. and Schusterman, R.J. Reciprocal food sharing of gibbons. Primates, 5:1-10.
1964 Schusterman, R.J. The activity of gibbons in a social group. Folia Primatologica, 2:161-170.
1964 Schusterman, R.J. The effect of a manipulatory incentive on social interactions of rhesus monkeys. Animal Behavior, 12:416-419.
1964 Schusterman, R.J. Strategies of normal and mentally retarded children under conditions of uncertain outcome. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 69:66-75.
1963 Schusterman, R.J. and Bernstein, I.S. Response tendances in gibbons in single and double alternation tasks. Psychological Reports, 11:521-522.
1963 Schusterman, R.J. The use of strategies in two-choice behavior of children and chimpanzees. Journal of the Comparative Physiological Psychology, 56:96-100.
1963 Bernstein, I.S., Schusterman, R.J., and Sharpe, L.G. Comparison of rhesus monkey and gibbon responses to unfamiliar situations. Journal of Comparative Physiological Psychology, 56:914-916.
1962 Schusterman, R.J. Transfer effects of successive discrimination-reversal training in Chimpanzees. Science, 137:422-423.
1962 Schusterman, R.J. The influence of patterns and percentages of reinforcement on resistance to extinction. Psychological Reports, 11:573-574.
 
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