Get Adobe ReaderThe abstracts listed below are the research products of the principal investigators, students, and staff associated with
this program. Abstracts appear in reverse chronological order. Click on an entry to view the corresponding PDF.
2017 Strobel, S. M., Sills, J. M., Tinker, M. T., and Reichmuth, C. The sense of active touch in sea otters. Sea Otter Conservation Workshop, Seattle, Washington, United States, 17 - 19 March.
2017 Thometz, N., Rosen, D., and Reichmuth, C. Patterns of energy intake and metabolism in spotted seals (Phoca largha) provide insight into physiologically sensitive life-stages. Alaska Marine Science Symposium, Anchorage, Alaska, 23 - 27 January.
2017 Thometz, N., Rosen, D., and Reichmuth, C. Patterns of energy intake in captive spotted seals (Phoca largha) provide insight into physiologically sensitive life-stages. The Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, 4 - 8 January.
2016 Sills, J. M., Southall, B. L., and Reichmuth, C. Predicting masking by impulsive noise sources: An experimental evaluation. 5th International Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America and the Acoustical Society of Japan, Honolulu, Hawaii, 28 November - 2 December.
2016 Reichmuth, C., Mulsow, J., Sills, J. M., Southall, B. L., and Cunningham, K. Ultra-high-frequency hearing in seals and sea lions in the context of other secondarily aquatic mammals. 5th International Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America and the Acoustical Society of Japan, Honolulu, Hawaii, 28 November - 2 December.
2016 Goertz, C. E. C., Tuomi, P., Woodie, K., Belovarac, J., Rouse, N., Thometz, N., and Reichmuth, C. Clinical findings from stranded ice-dependent Arctic seals. National Marine Animal Health and Stranding Network Conference, Shepherdstown, West Virginia, 6-9 September.

2016 Casey, C., Sills, J. M., and Reichmuth, C. Source level estimates for harbor seals and implications for estimating communication space. 4th International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, Dublin, Ireland, 10-15 July.

2016 Erbe, C., Reichmuth, C., Cunningham, K., Lucke, K., and Dooling, R. Masking in marine mammals: A review. 4th International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, Dublin, Ireland, 10-15 July.

2016 Reichmuth, C., Ghoul, A., Rouse, A., Sills, J. M., and Southall, B. Auditory and behavioral responses of Arctic seals to seismic signals. 4th International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, Dublin, Ireland, 10-15 July.

2016 Sills, J. M. and Reichmuth, C. Listening for signals in seismic noise: A case study of masking in Arctic seals. 4th International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, Dublin, Ireland, 10-15 July.

2016 Goertz, C. E. C., Johnson, S., Casper, D., Thometz, N., and Reichmuth, C. Baseline measures of health for ice-dependent Arctic seals. 47th Annual International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine Meeting and Conference, Virginia Beach, Virginia, 21-26 May.

2016 Reichmuth, C., Thometz, N., and Rosen, D. Physiology and health of cooperating Arctic seals (PHOCAS). Alaska Marine Science Symposium, Anchorage, Alaska, 25-29 January.

2015 Casey, C., Costa, D., and Reichmuth, C. Vocal dialects of the northern elephant seal: changes in geographic variation in a recovering species. 21st Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, San Francisco, California, 13-18 December.

2015 Charrier, I., Mathevon, N., Casey, C., and Reichmuth, C. Knowing their enemies: individual vocal signatures used by northern elephant seals in male contests. 21st Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, San Francisco, California, 13-18 December.

2015 Cook, P., Reichmuth, C., Rouse, A., Libby, L., Dennison, S., Stuppino, J., Kruse-Elliott, K., Bloom, J., Carmichael, O., Singh, B., Fravel, V., Barbarosa, L., Van Bonn, B., Gulland, F., and Ranganath, C. The neurobehavioral effects of naturally occurring domoic acid toxicosis in wild California sea lions. 21st Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, San Francisco, California, 13-18 December.

2015 Kienle, S., Sorensen, H., Costa, D., Mehta, R., and Reichmuth, C. Pinnipeds suck: examining underwater feeding strategies in seals and sea lions. 21st Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, San Francisco, California, 13-18 December.

2015 Reichmuth, C., Beltran, R., Sills, J. M., Peterson, S., McHuron, E., and Lofstrom, J. What captive studies can tell us about the foraging ecology of free-ranging Arctic seals. 21st Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, San Francisco, California, 13-18 December.

2015 Rouse, A., Cook, P., and Reichmuth, C. A California sea lion shows human like beat-keeping in response to changing phase and tempo. 21st Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, San Francisco, California, 13-18 December.

2015 Sills, J. M. and Reichmuth, C. Vocal behavior of spotted seals. 21st Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, San Francisco, California, 13-18 December.

2015 Strobel, S. M., Reichmuth, C., Batac, F., and Miller, M. The sense of active touch in sea otters. 21st Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, San Francisco, California, 13-18 December.

2015 Walcott, S., McHuron, E., Zeligs, J., Skrovan, S., Costa, D., and Reichmuth, C. Whisker growth in two North Pacific pinnipeds: implications for determining foraging behavior from stable isotope analysis. 21st Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, San Francisco, California, 13-18 December.

2015 Reichmuth, C., Southall, B. L., Ghoul, A., Rouse, A., and Sills, J. M. Temporary threshold shift not found in ice seals exposed to single airgun impulses. 170th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Jacksonville, Florida, 2-6 November.

2013 Beltran, R. S., Connolly, M., Peterson, S., Reichmuth, C., and Costa, D. P. Whisker growth dynamics: a validated approach for assigning timescales to stable isotope analyses. 20th Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, Dunedin, New Zealand, 9-13 December.

2013 Casey, C., Reichmuth, C., Fregosi, S., Charrier, I., and Mathevon, N. Remember the Titans: individual vocal signatures reinforce dominance relationships among male northern elephant seals. 20th Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, Dunedin, New Zealand, 9-13 December.

2013 Charrier, I., Mathevon, N., Casey, C., Fregosi, S., and Reichmuth, C. Size doesn't matter! Northern elephant seal males do not use phenotype cues in vocalisations to assess their rivals. 20th Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, Dunedin, New Zealand, 9-13 December.

2013 Cook, P., Rouse, A., Wilson, M., and Reichmuth, C. Rhythm perception and motoric entrainment in a California sea lion. 20th Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, Dunedin, New Zealand, 9-13 December.

2013 Cunningham, K. A., Hayes, S. A., Rub, M. W., and Reichmuth, C. Seals, sea lions, and salmon fisheries: are pinnipeds skewing survivorship data through the selective predation of acoustically tagged fish? 20th Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, Dunedin, New Zealand, 9-13 December.

2013 Ghoul, A. and Reichmuth, C. Amphibious hearing in the southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis): Implications for conservation and comparative sensory biology. 20th Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, Dunedin, New Zealand, 9-13 December.

2013 Murphy, C., Reichmuth, C., and Mann, D. Sensitivity of the Vibrissae of a Harbor Seal (Phoca vitulina) to Directly Coupled Sinusoidal Vibrations. 20th Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, Dunedin, New Zealand, 9-13 December.

2013 Sills, J. M., Southall, B. L., and Reichmuth, C. Auditory profiles of spotted (Phoca largha) and ringed seals (Pusa hispida). 20th Biennial Conference on Marine Mammals, Dunedin, New Zealand, 9-13 December.

2013 Casey, C., Reichmuth, C., Fregosi, S., Charrier, I., and Mathevon, N. The acoustic signature of the male northern elephant seal: Individual variation supports recognition during competitive interactions. 166th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, San Francisco, California, 2-6 December.

2013 Cunningham, K. A., Southall, B. L., and Reichmuth, C. Detection of complex sounds in quiet and masked conditions by a California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) and a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina). 166th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, San Francisco, California, 2-6 December.

2013 Ghoul, A. and Reichmuth, C. Psychophysical studies of hearing in sea otters (Enhydra lutris). 166th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, San Francisco, California, 2-6 December.

2013 Reichmuth, C. Equal loudness contours and possible weighting functions for pinnipeds. 166th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, San Francisco, California, 2-6 December.

2013 Sills, J. M., Southall, B. L., and Reichmuth, C. Complex masking scenarios in Arctic environments. 166th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, San Francisco, California, 2-6 December.

2013 Cunningham, K., Southall, B., Reichmuth, C. Detection of complex sounds in quiet conditions by seals and sea lions. 3rd International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life. Budapest, Hungary, 11-16 August, p. 38.

2013 Ghoul, A., Reichmuth, C. Hearing profiles for the sea otter: aerial sensitivity, underwater sensitivity, and critical ratio measurements. 3rd International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life. Budapest, Hungary, 11-16 August, p. 61.

2013 Sills, J., Reichmuth, C., Southall, B. Psychoacoustic studies of spotted and ringed seals. 3rd International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life. Budapest, Hungary, 11-16 August, p. 149.

2012 Cook, P., Rouse, A., Wilson, M., and Reichmuth, C. Sea lions can keep the beat: rhythmic entrainment in a vocally inflexible species. 53rd Psychonomic Society Annual Meeting. Minneapolis, Minnesota, 15-18 November.

2012 Cunningham, K., Hayes, S.A., Rub, M. R., Reichmuth, C. High-frequency hearing in seals and sea lions and the implications for detection of ultrasonic coded transmitters. 164th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. Kansas City, Missouri, 22-26 October, p. 2009.

2012 Vitacco, J., Reichmuth, C., Ghoul, A., Southall, B. Seals and sound in a changing Arctic: Ongoing psychoacoustic studies of spotted and ringed seals. 164th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. Kansas City, Missouri, 22-26 October, p. 1949.

2012 Ghoul, A. and Reichmuth, C. Aerial hearing sensitivity in a southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis). 164th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. Kansas City, Missouri, 22-26 October, p. 2008.

2012 Larsen, O.N. and Reichmuth, C. Proximal mechanisms for sound production in male Pacific walruses. The 2012 Annual Conference of the Canadian Acoustical Association. Banff, Alberta, 10-12 October.

2012 Reichmuth, C. Adventures in bioacoustics: Sound reception, production, and perception in amphibious mammals. The 2012 Annual Conference of the Canadian Acoustical Association. Banff, Alberta, 10-12 October.

2012 Casey, C., Reichmuth, C., Southall, B., Charrier, I., and Mathevon, N. The vocal signature of the male northern elephant seal. The 2012 Annual Conference of the Canadian Acoustical Association. Banff, Alberta, 10-12 October.

2012 Cook, P., Reichmuth, C., and Gulland, F. Delayed alternation in wild California sea lions with naturally occurring hippocampal damage. 9th Bay Area Memory Meeting, University of California Davis, 27 August.

2012 Vitacco, J., Reichmuth, C., Ghoul, A., and Southall, B.L. Underwater hearing in spotted seals. 19th Annual International Conference on Comparative Cognition. Melbourne Beach, Florida, 7-10 March.

2012 Cook, P., Rouse, A., Wilson, M., and Reichmuth, C. Rhythmic entrainment in a California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). 19th Annual International Conference on Comparative Cognition. Melbourne Beach, Florida, 7-10 March.

2012 Reichmuth, C., Casey, C., Charrier, I., Mathevon, N., and Southall, B.L. Vocal signaling among male northern elephant seals: behavioral field studies of honesty vs. associative learning. 19th Annual International Conference on Comparative Cognition. Melbourne Beach, Florida, 7-10 March.

2011 Reichmuth, C., Ghoul, A., and Southall, B.L. Temporal processing of low-frequency sounds by seals. 19th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals. Tampa, Florida, 27 November-02 December.
2011 De Maio, L.M., Thompson, D., Cook, P., Reichmuth, C., and Gulland, F. The evaluation of olfaction in stranded California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) and relevance to domoic acid toxicosis. 19th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals. Tampa, Florida, 27 November-02 December.
2011 Casey, C. Reichmuth, C., Southall, B., Charrier, I., and Mathevon, N. Vocal communication in male northern elephant seal competitive interactions: honest signals or learned associations? 23rd Meeting of the International Bioacoustics Council. La Rochelle, France, 12-16 September.
2011 Ghoul, A. and Reichmuth, C. Vocal communication in female southern sea otters and their dependent pups. 23rd Meeting of the International Bioacoustics Council. La Rochelle, France, 12-16 September.
2011 Hanenburg, M. and Reichmuth, C. Training signal detection tasks in marine mammals. International Marine Animal Trainers Association Conference, Miami, Florida, 18-23 September.
2011 Cook, P., Reichmuth, C., and Gulland, F. A behavioral assay for diagnosing domoic acid toxicosis in stranded California sea lions. International Symposium on Advanced Studies by Young Scientists on Environmental Pollution and Ecotoxicology. Matsuyama, Japan, 4-6 August. [Award Recipient for Advanced Studies by Young Scientists on Enviornmental Pollution and Ecotoxicology]
2011 Reichmuth, C. Casey, C., Southall, B. Charrier, I., and Mathevon, N. Vocal signatures of male northern elephant seals and differential responses to playbacks predicted by hierarchical status. Third International Symposium on Acoustic Communication by Animals. Ithaca, New York, 1-5 August, p. 121-122.
2011 Cook, P., Reichmuth, C., and Gulland, F. Auditory habituation as a diagnostic measure of domoic acid toxicosis in wild sea lions. 161st Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. Seattle, Washington, 23-27 May, p. 2432-2433.
2011 Ghoul, A. and Reichmuth, C. Preliminary investigations of sound reception in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis). 161st Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. Seattle, Washington, 23-27 May, p. 2433.
2011 Gisiner, R., and Reichmuth, C. The nature and nurture of seeing with sound. 161st Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. Seattle, Washington, 23-27 May, p. 2468.
2011 Hughes, W., Reichmuth, C., Mulsow, J.L., and Larsen, O.N. Source characteristics of the underwater knocking displays of a male Pacific walrus. 161st Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. Seattle, Washington, 23-27 May, p. 2506.
2011 Holt, M. Directionality of male northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris) threat calls and how it influences receiver behavior.161st Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. Seattle, Washington, 23-27 May, p. 2505-2506.
2011 Southall, B., Insley, S., Holt, M., and Reichmuth, C. Vocalization source levels of adult male northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris). 161st Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. Seattle, Washington, 23-27 May, p. 2505.
2010 Reichmuth, C. Psychophysical studies of Auditory masking in marine mammals: key concepts and new directions. The Second International Conference on Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life.Cork, Ireland, 15-20 August.
2010 Ghoul, A. and Reichmuth, C. Sound production and reception in southern sea otters. The Second International Conference on Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life.Cork, Ireland, 15-20 August.
2010 Mulsow, J., Reichmuth, C., Houser, D., and Finneran, J. Auditory evoked potential measurement of hearing sensitivity in pinnipeds. The Second International Conference on Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life.Cork, Ireland, 15-20 August.
2010 Cook, P. and Reichmuth, C. Delayed alternation by California sea lions with naturally occurring hippocampal damage. 17th Annual International Conference on Comparative Cognition. Melbourne Beach, Florida, 24-27 March, p. 13.
2010 Mulsow, J., Reichmuth, C., Gulland, F., Rosen, D.A.S., and Finneran, J.J. Aerial audiograms of Steller and California sea lions measured using auditory steady-state methods. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 127:1863.
2009 Reichmuth, C., Mulsow, J., and Schusterman, R.J. Underwater acoustic displays of a Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens): Source level estimates and temporal patterning. 18th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals. Quebec City, Canada, 12-16 October, p. 210.
2009 Mulsow, J., Reichmuth, C., and Finneran, J.J. Aerial hearing sensitivity measurements in seven California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) using single and multiple auditory steady-state response methods. 18th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals. Quebec City, Canada, 12-16 October, p. 176.
2009 Ghoul, A., Reichmuth, C., and Mulsow, J. Source levels and spectral analysis of Southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) scream vocalizations. 18th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals. Quebec City, Canada, 12-16 October, p. 90.
2009 Cook, P., Reichmuth, C., and Schusterman, R.J. Habituation of an orienting response to auditory stimuli in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) exhibiting symptoms of domoic acid toxicosis. 18th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals. Quebec City, Canada, 12-16 October, p. 60.
2009 Cook, P., Bernard, A., Reichmuth, C. Which way did I go? Remote training of a spatial memory task to assess the effects of domoic acid exposure in stranded California sea lions. 37th Annual International Marine Animal Trainers' Association Conference. Atlanta, Georgia, November 2-6, p. 41.
2009 Mulsow, J. and Reichmuth, C. A comparison of behavioral and electrophysiological measures of aerial hearing sensitivity in a Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 125:2677.
2009 Reichmuth, C., Schusterman, R.J. Annual temporal patterning in the vocalizations of captive seals: Two long-term case studies. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 125:2676-2677.
2009 Ghoul, A., Holt, M.M., Reichmuth, C., and Kastak, D. Auditory temporal summation in pinnipeds. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 125:2676. [Award for Best Student Paper in Bioacoustics]
2008 Lindemann, K.L., Reichmuth, C., Schusterman, R.J. Procedural training for a test of cross-modal symmetry in a California sea lion. 15th Annual International Conference on Comparative Cognition. Melbourne Beach, Florida, March 19-22, p. 22.
2008 Reichmuth, C Assessing the hearing capabilities of mysticete whales: a proposed research strategy for the Joint Industry Programme on Sound and Marine Life. JIP Review Meeting, Houston, Texas, October 28-30, p. 32.
2008 Reichmuth, C. Amphibious hearing in pinnipeds, revisited. Second International Conference on Acoustic Communication by Animals, Corvallis, Oregon, August 12-15, p. 205.
2008 Mulsow, J. and Reichmuth, C. Aerial hearing sensitivity in a Steller sea lion. Second International Conference on Acoustic Communication by Animals, Corvallis, Oregon, August 12-15, p. 157.
2008 Schusterman, R.J. Language learning studies in pinnipeds: sonic production and comprehension. Second International Conference on Acoustic Communication by Animals, Corvallis, Oregon, August 12-15, p. 229.
2008 Kastak, D., Mulsow, J., Ghoul, A., Reichmuth, C. Noise-induced permanent threshold shift in a harbor seal. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123:2986.
2008 Mulsow, J. and Reichmuth, C. Evoked potential audiometry in sea lions. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123:3508.
2008 Schusterman, R.J. and Reichmuth, C. Sound production can be modified by contingency learning. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123:3508.
2007 Lynn, B., Schusterman, R.J., and Reichmuth, C. A Steller identity crisis? International Marine Animal Trainer's Association, Indianapolis, Indiana.
2007 Kastak, D. Effects of noise on seals and sea lions: laboratory approaches. International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, Nyborg, Denmark, August 13-17, p. 11. (Extended abstract published in the journal Bioacoustics).
2007 Mulsow, J. Amplitude vs. rate transfer functions to tone burst stimuli in the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, Nyborg, Denmark, August 13-17, p. 12. (Extended abstract published in the journal Bioacoustics).
2007 Reichmuth, C. Hearing in marine carnivores. International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, Nyborg, Denmark, August 13-17, p.7. (Extended abstract published in the journal Bioacoustics).
2007 Lindemann, K.L., Reichmuth, C., and Schusterman, R.J. The role of the reinforcer in equivalence class formation: evidence from work with a California sea lion. 14th Annual International Conference on Comparative Cognition. Melbourne Beach, Florida, March 14-17, p. 22.
2006 Mulsow, J. and Reichmuth Kastak, C. Electrophysiological investigation of temporal resolution in three pinniped species: adaptive implications. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 120:3226.
2006 Kastak, D., Holt, M.M., Mulsow, J., Reichmuth Kastak, C., Schusterman, R.J., and Southall, B. L. Towards a predictive model of noise-induced temporary threshold shift for an amphibious marine mammal, the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 120:3226.
2006 Schusterman, R.J., Reichmuth Kastak, C., Quihuis, D., and Holt, M.M. The creative walrus: novel sound production via contingency learning. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 120:3190.
2006 Holt, M.M. and Schusterman, R.J. Spatial release from masking of aerial tones in a California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 120:3153.
2006 Southall, B.L., Kastak, D., Reichmuth Kastak, C., Insley, S.J., Holt, M.M., Mulsow, J., and Schusterman, R.J. Sound production and detection by pinnipeds. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 119:3406.
2006 Holt, M.M. and Schusterman, R.J. Spatial release from aerial masking in a harbor seal. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 119:3349.
2006 Lindemann, K.L., Reichmuth Kastak, C. and Schusterman, R.J. Exclusion procedures can be used to assess emergent cross-modal matching in a California sea lion. 13th Annual International Conference on Comparative Cognition. Melbourne Beach, Florida, March 22-25.
2005 Schusterman, R.J., Reichmuth Kastak, C., Quihuis, D., Holt, M.M. Contingency learning in animal sound production: vocal control and plasticity in the walrus. The 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals. San Diego, California. p. 252.
2005 Lindemann, K.L., Reichmuth Kastak, C., Schusterman, R.J. A California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) uses a transitive logic rule across sensory modalities to solve novel transfer problems. The 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals. San Diego, California. p. 169.
2005 Mulsow, J., Reichmuth Kastak, C., Supin, A.Y. Measurement of auditory temporal resolution in the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) using auditory evoked potentials. The 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals. San Diego, California. p. 201.
2005 Kastak, D., Holt, M.M., Reichmuth Kastak, C.J., Southall, B.L., Mulsow, J., Schusterman, R.J. (2005) A voluntary mechanism of protection from airborne noise in a harbor seal. The 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals. San Diego, California. p. 148.
2005 Holt, M.M., Schusterman, R.J., Insley, S.J., Southall, B.L. Behavioral and playback investigations of call directionality in male northern elephant seals. The 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals. San Diego, California. p. 130.
2005 Insley, S.J. and Southall, B.L. Source levels of northern elephant seal vocalizations in air. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 118:2018.
2005 Holt, M.M., Insley, S.I., Southall, B.L., and Schusterman, R.J. Methodological considerations of acoustic playbacks to test the behavioral significance of call directionality in male northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris). Journal of Acoustical Society of America, 118: 1907.
2005 Kastak, D., and Schusterman R.J. Echoic functional class formation by a bottlenose dolphin. Journal of Acoustical Society of America 118: 1906.
2005 Lindemann, K.L., Reichmuth Kastak, C., and Schusterman, R.J. Classification across the senses: auditory-visual cognitive performance in a California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Journal Acoustical Society of America, 118:1905.
2005 Atwood, E.C., Reichmuth Kastak, C. & Schusterman, R. Breeding behavior and evidence of laterality in male harbor seals (Phoca vitulina). 42nd Annual Meeting of the Animal Behavior Society. 6 August -10 August. Snowbird, Utah. p. 5.
2005 Holt, M.M., Southall, B.L., Kastak, D., and Schusterman, R.J. Minimum audible angles for aerial pure tones in a northern elephant seal, Mirounga angustirostris. Journal of Acoustical Society of America, 117: 2468.
2005 Kastak. D., Schusterman, R.J., Southall, B.L., Holt, M.M., and Kastak, C. Animal behavioral psychoacoustics: issues related to methodology and interpretation. Journal of Acoustical Society of America, 117: 2583.
2005 Reichmuth Kastak, C., Kastak, D., Finneran, J.J., Houser, D.S., and Supin, A. Electrophysiological methods for hearing assessment in pinnipeds. Journal of Acoustical Society of America, 117: 2408.
2004 Holt, M.M., Southall, B.L., Kastak, D., Schusterman, R.J., and Reichmuth Kastak, C. Temporal integration in a California sea lion and a harbor seal: estimates of aerial auditory sensitivity as a function of signal duration. Journal of Acoustical Society of America, 116: 2531.
2004 Kastak, D., Southall, B.L., Holt, M.M., Reichmuth Kastak, C., and Schusterman, R.J. Noise-induced temporary threshold shifts in pinnipeds: effects of noise energy. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 116: 2531-2532.
2004 Reichmuth Kastak, C., Lindemann, K., and Schusterman, R.J. How acoustical signals become meaningful to listeners: an experimental approach. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 116: 2502.
2004 Southall, B.L., Schusterman, R.J., Kastak, D., and Reichmuth Kastak, C. Underwater hearing thresholds in pinnipeds measured over a 6-year period. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 116: 2504.
2004 Holt, M.M., Southall, B.L., R.J. Threat vocalizations of male northern elephant seals: responses to call direction. 41st Annual Meeting of the Animal Behavior Society. 12 June-16 June. Oaxaca, Mexico. p. 52.
2004 Reichmuth Kastak, C. Marine mammal groups: typical hearing capabilities. Abstract presented 18-19 May, Shipping Noise and Marine Mammals: A Forum for Science, Management, and Technology, Arlington, VA.
2004 Lindemann, K., Reichmuth Kastak, C., and Schusterman, R.J. Cross-modal equivalence in a California sea lion. Abstract presented 24-27 March, Proceedings of the International Conference on Comparative Cognition, Melbourne, FL, p. 8.
2004 Schusterman, R.J., Kastak, D., Reichmuth Kastak, C. Holt, M.M., and Southall, B.L. Pinniped bioacoustics: atmospheric and hydrospheric signal production, reception, and function. Abstract presented May 2004, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 115:2405.
2004 Reichmuth Kastak, C., Kastak, D., Holt, M.M., Schusterman, R.J. and Southall, B.L. Aerial hearing sensitivity in some pinnipeds is comparable to that of humans. Abstract presented May 2004, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 115:2406.
2004 Holt, M.M., Schusterman, R.J., Southall, B.L. and Kastak, D. Localization of airborne pure tones by pinnipeds. Abstract presented May 2004, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 115:2486.
2003 Holt, M.M., Schusterman, R.J., Southall, B.L. and Kastak, D. Sound localization of aerial pure tones by pinnipeds. Abstract presented 14-19 December 2003, Proceedings of the 15th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, p. 74.
2003 Holt, M.M., Schusterman, R.J., Kastak, D., and Southall, B.L. Sound localization acuities of aerial broadband noise in pinnipeds. Abstract presented 31 April 2003, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 113:2306.
2003 Schusterman, R.J., Kastak, D., Southall, B.L., Reichmuth Kastak, C., and Holt, M.M. Noise-induced temporary threshold shift in pinnipeds: effects of exposure medium, intermittence, duration, and intensity. Abstract presented 12-16 May 2003, Symposium on Environmental Consequences of Underwater Sound (ECOUS).
2002 Schusterman, R.J., Southall, B.L., Kastak, D., and Reichmuth Kastak, C. Age-related hearing loss in sea lions and their scientists. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America., 111:2342-2343.
2001 Southall, B.L., Schusterman, R.J., Kastak, D., and Reichmuth Kastak, C. Pinniped hearing and anthropogenic noise. Abstract presented December 3-7 2001, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 110: 2722.
2001 Southall, B.L., Schusterman, R.J., and Kastak, D. Noise constraints on pinniped vocal communication: integrating source level, ambient noise, and audiometric data. Abstract presented November 28-December 5, 2001, Proceedings of the 14th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, p 202.
2001 Schusterman, R.J., Reichmuth Kastak, C., Southall, B.L., Kastak, D., and Spillman, S. Proximate mechanisms involved in pinniped vocal communication. Abstract presented November 28-December 5 2001, Proceedings of 14th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, p. 191-192.
2001 Reichmuth Kastak, C., Schusterman, R.J., and Kastak, D. Concept learning and memory in California sea lions. Abstract presented November 28-December 5 2001, Proceedings of the 14th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, p. 177.
2001 Holt, M.M., Southall, B.L., Kastak, D., Reichmuth Kastak, C., and Schusterman, R.J. Aerial hearing sensitivity in pinnipeds: a comparison of free-field and headphone thresholds. Abstract presented November 28-December 5 2001, Proceedings of the 14th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, p 102.
1999 Southall, B.L., Kastak, D., Schusterman, R.J., Reichmuth, C., Grayson, J.W. Underwater temporary threshold shift (TTS) in pinnipeds: the effects of moderate noise levels. Abstract presented November 28-December 3 1999, Proceedings of the 13th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, p 176.
1999 Schusterman, R.J., Kastak, D., Levenson, D.H., Reichmuth, C. and Southall, B.L. Why pinnipeds don't echolocate. Abstract presented November 28-December 3 1999, Proceedings of the 13th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, p 168.
1999 Reichmuth, C., and Schusterman, R.J. Cognition in California sea lions: the role of different fish reinforcers. Abstract presented November 28-December 3, 1999 Proceedings of 13th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, p 155.
1999 Kastak, D. and Schusterman, R.J. Loss of hearing sensitivity with depth in a free diving California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Abstract presented November 28-December 3, 1999, Proceedings of the 13th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, p 95.
1999 Kastak, D., Southall, B.L, Schusterman, R.J., and Reichmuth, C.J. Temporary threshold shift in pinnipeds induced by octave-band noise in water. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 106:2251.
1999 Holt, M. M., Schusterman, R.J., Kastak, D. and Southall, B.L. Pinniped acoustical psychophysics: individual strategies. Abstract presented November 28-December 3 1999, Proceedings of the 13th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, p 84.
1999 Emery, J.H., Reichmuth, C., Schusterman, R.J., and Wilson, E.G. Versatile signaling by female harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) during the pup attendance period. Abstract presented November 28-December 3 1999, Proceedings of the 13th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, p 53.
 
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